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Geoffrey Lee Martin typing a story in Antarctica.
Photo Credit: Geoffrey Lee Martin
Geoffrey Lee Martin types out a newspaper story at Cape Royds, Antarctica, in January 1956. Lee Martin and Morton Beebe, two veterans of the International Geophysical Year, have reunited to tell a new story about the IGY and the current International Polar Year.

Together again

IGY veterans reunite to write book, make movie about past and future adventures

Morton Beebe External Non-U.S. government site, a lieutenant junior grade officer with the U.S. Navy in 1958, might have jumped the chain of command a bit when he invited Britain’s Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother, for a visit to Antarctica when he met her during a ceremony in Christchurch, New Zealand.

It seemed natural at the time, after he had regaled her with stories about adventures on the Ice during the International Geophysical Year (IGY) External Non-U.S. government site, when the United States, Great Britain and dozens of other countries spread across the globe in the pursuit of scientific knowledge, with particular emphasis on the poles. A similar campaign, the International Polar Year (IPY) External U.S. government site, is under way now in the Arctic and Antarctic.

Sir Edmund Hilary and Geoffrey Lee Martin
Photo Credit: Geoffrey Lee Martin
Sir Edmund Hilary, left, and Geoffrey Lee Martin at Scott Base in 1957.
Sir Edmund Hilary and Geoffrey Lee Martin
Photo Credit: Geoffrey Lee Martin
Sir Edmund Hilary, left, and Geoffrey Lee Martin talking in 2007.

At some point during the conversation, the invitation just escaped his lips. “Well, she thought about it rather seriously,” he recalls, laughing at the memory and the subsequent tongue-lashing he received from superiors. The bold invitation of the 24-year-old officer, a favorite of Rear Adm. George Dufek, commander of the Navy’s Operation Deep Freeze in support of IGY, made headlines around the world the next day.

Now 74 but still with head of thick, curly white hair, Beebe has a seemingly endless supply of anecdotes from his time as a public affairs officer whose job included writing articles and shooting pictures, as well as juggling the needs of a rowdy press corps of some 35 journalists.

He turned the experience into a lifelong career as a photographer and has traveled around the world a few times in the last five decades. But those months in Antarctica left an indelible mark on the San Franciscan. He recently reconnected with a fellow IGY compatriot, Geoffrey Lee Martin, and the two have hatched a plan to return to the Ice for a documentary trip down memory lane.

However, at this time, the National Science Foundation External U.S. government site has not approved the trip, and the two men are trying to interest everyone from Disney to the BBC to produce the project.

Lee Martin, a journalist now based in Sydney, wrote for publications such as The Daily Telegraph out of London and the New Zealand Herald during the austral summers of 1956-57 and 1957-58. He accompanied fellow New Zealander Sir Edmund Hillary on the adventurer’s historic overland trip to the South Pole, and recently wrote a book about the journey, “Hellbent for the Pole.” External Non-U.S. government site

Morton Beebe meets Queen Mother.
Photo Credit: Morton Beebe
Morton Beebe meets the Queen Mother.
Morton Beebe
Photo Credit: Geoffrey Lee Martin
Morton Beebe in 1957.
Morton Beebe
Photo Credit: Peter Rejcek
Morton Beebe in 2008.

Lee Martin, 81, is now at work on a volume focusing on Dufek, and enlisted Beebe in that project. The latter, still the bold, young lieutenant in some ways, upped the ante. “Why not?” Beebe told his old friend. “Let’s see if we can get together and do this book on Dufek. And let’s go one step further, and see if we can go back to the Ice.”

Both men consider Dufek a pivotal, if forgotten, figure of the era, overshadowed by the legendary Adm. Richard Byrd, a polar explorer who served more as a figurehead by the time of the IGY endeavor.

Lee Martin wrote extensively about Dufek in his recent book, but he now wants to flesh out the admiral’s story even further.

“He led the first party to the South Pole since [Capt. Robert Falcon] Scott 44 years earlier, but this received scant attention, even in the U.S. where people were preoccupied with a presidential election, the Cold War and the development of the hydrogen bomb,” Lee Martin says via e-mail from Sydney when asked about his interest in Dufek.

Much has changed in the last 50-plus years since the U.S. Navy established a beachhead on Antarctica, allowing an invasion of scientists that hasn’t abated since. It’s that story, the passage of time, which Beebe and Martin want to tell — and to see the changes firsthand.

“It was only after I had written ‘Hellbent,’ 50 years later, that I realized that what we did was now regarded as ‘ancient history,’” Lee Martin muses, “but on reflection, when we were down there, 1956-58, it was 50 years since Scott and [Ernest] Shackleton had arrived in McMurdo Sound and built their huts — and we, at that time, regarded them as ‘ancient history.’”

Indeed, the days of ham radio are long gone, when a call home to parents or a girlfriend was a rare treat. “You stood in line no matter what your rank or position outside of one little shed to see if you could get up on the ham radio,” Beebe recalls. Today, e-mail is ubiquitous, even in the deep field, thanks to Iridium satellite.

Admiral Dufek, right, with Vivian Fuchs.
Photo Credit: Geoffrey Lee Martin
Adm. George Dufek, right, greets Vivian Fuchs at the South Pole on Jan. 20, 1958.

Similarly, the Cold War has finally thawed. Women make up a sizeable percentage of the workforce and NSF grantees. The one female journalist sent to cover the IGY was forced to work out of Christchurch, according to Beebe.

A visit to a Russian research station during those years, he adds, involved a certain amount of anxiety. He remembers being volunteered as the first one to go ashore to see “if they’re friendly.” Judging by the bowls of caviar and bottles of vodka awaiting him at the base, the Russians were willing to enjoy a tête-à-tête with their American counterparts.

The IGY, Lee Martin says, marked the end of the heroic age of exploration, ushering in the modern scientific era of peaceful cooperation among nations. The legacy continues today with the IPY.

Lee Martin worries that history is lost on today’s generation, another prompt for making a documentary that pays homage to the challenges and sacrifices of an earlier generation, particularly that of Dufek, who Martin quotes as saying about his role in the IGY: “Quiet victories in the service of knowledge.” 

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Curator: Peter Rejcek, Antarctic Support Contract | NSF Official: Winifred Reuning, Division of Polar Programs