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Man gives presentation to audience.
Photo Credit: Peter Rejcek
Charles Bentley talks about his experiences traversing Antarctica during the 1950s and 1960s, when basic facts about the continent were just beginning to be discovered, at a conference of the American Polar Society.

Wealth of experience

American Polar Society meeting attracts veteran scientists, explorers

Centuries? A thousand years? It was hard to estimate the wealth of polar experience gathered in the small auditorium on the University of Colorado at Boulder External Non-U.S. government site campus.

One thing was for sure: This had to be one of the most unique meetings of Antarctic and Arctic scientists and explorers in recent history. Brought together by the venerable American Polar Society External Non-U.S. government site in mid-May, the gathering included about 50 people, whose history of research and exploration reached back to the 1940s.

Among the attendees were people like Robert Dodson, who served as an assistant geologist and sled dog handler during the 1947-48 Ronne Antarctic Research Expedition. Led by the famously mercurial Finn Ronne, a Norwegian-American explorer, the expedition had included the first two women to winter in Antarctica — Edith Ronne, who died last year, and Jennie Darlington, wife of pilot Harry Darlington and still a friend of Dodson’s all these years later.

John Behrendt was definitely not a friend of Finn Ronne, who was the unpopular leader of Ellsworth Station during the winter of 1957 when Behrendt was a young scientist taking part in the International Geophysical Year (IGY) External Non-U.S. government site. [For more on Behrendt, see Dec. 31, 2006 issue of The Antarctic Sun Link to PDF file.] Now the current president of the American Polar Society, Behrendt hosted the meeting at the university, where he is a Fellow Emeritus at the Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research External Non-U.S. government site.

Behrendt also presented one of the nearly 20 talks over the two-day conference about the first efforts to determine the size of the Antarctic ice sheet in the 1950s and 1960s. That work laid the foundation for today’s more sophisticated measurements of the ice sheets and their possible contribution to future sea-level rise.

Man talks to audience.
Photo Credit: Peter Rejcek
CU-Boulder Mark Meier talks about his 60 years of polar research at the American Polar Society meeting last month.
John Behrendt in 1957.
Photo Courtesy: John Behrendt/Antarctic Photo Library
John Behrendt at Ellsworth Station in 1957.

The 78-year-old scientist noted that while the technology has changed, so has the spirit of Antarctic research. “It’s not as much fun as in the old days,” Behrendt said, admitting a certain bias. “Maybe something is lost. There’s still a need for exploration.”

Geographic and scientific explorations were certainly the major themes of the meeting — but certainly not mutually exclusive.

Charles Bentley and Richard Cameron, fellow IGY scientists who participated in tractor train traverses across East Antarctica in the 1960s, mixed tales of science and adventure when recounting the early days of Antarctic research. [See previous article: Practically home.]

The long hauls across virgin territory were exciting and surreal, according to Cameron. At the South Pole of Inaccessibility — the point most distant from any coast on the continent — the American researchers found the remains of a Soviet-era research base, complete with a plastic bust of Vladimir Lenin, a seminal leader of the communist nation.

“This was the spot I always though of as the place where your in-laws can’t get a hold of you,” Cameron quipped of the cold and remote location on the high polar plateau.

Sophisticated airborne radar eventually killed the overland traverse at the end of the 1960s, according to Bentley. However, the tractor trains are back in vogue, both for research and hauling cargo and fuel.

One of the modern pioneers of the overland traverse, John Wright, spoke on the four-year trial and error of blazing a trail for the U.S. Antarctic Program External U.S. government site to move cargo and fuel between McMurdo and South Pole External U.S. government site stations. The heavy tractors encountered soft snow swamps and numerous crevasses along the way – sometimes in places where they least expected them.

“You can’t see the crevasses. It’s as flat as Kansas,” said Wright, who led the proof-of-concept traverse that ended on Dec. 23, 2006 at the South Pole. Today, the 1,000-mile-long route has become part of the USAP’s regular operations, offsetting the use of more than 40 LC-130 flights and reducing the program’s carbon footprint.

Robert Flint at Vostok Station in 1974.
Photo Courtesy: Robert Flint/Antarctic Photo Library
Robert Flint at Vostok Station in 1974.

The meeting also included its share of polar groupies — people with an intense interest in the polar regions — and book authors and aspiring book authors like Leilani Henry. Henry’s father, George Gibbs Jr., is widely believed to have been the first African-American to set foot on the continent as a Navy sailor during a 1939-1941 expedition led by Adm. Richard Byrd.

It seemed that just about everyone had a polar story to tell, even if he or she wasn’t on the official schedule. Long-time friends Robert Flint and Dale Vance spoke about their experiences as American scientists participating in an exchange program with the Soviet Union that sent both men to the Russian Vostok Station at different times in their Antarctic careers.

Despite the decades that have lapsed since he was at Vostok and U.S. stations like Byrd in the 1960s and 1970s, Vance said his affinity for Antarctica hasn’t dimmed.

“It wasn’t a job. It was an adventure,” he said.

TransPolar LLC External Non-U.S. government site sponsored the American Polar Society meeting.

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Curator: Peter Rejcek, Antarctic Support Contract | NSF Official: Winifred Reuning, Division of Polar Programs